A Short History of Pakistan

Photos above, left to right: Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Mohammad Ayub Khan, Yahya Khan, Mohammad Zia ul-Haq, and Benazir Bhutto.
A Short History of Pakistan
by S. Akbar Zaidi

"A Short History of Pakistan" was recorded in January-February 2011. It features five lectures by Visiting Professor S. Akbar Zaidi. Each lecture is about two hours long, and includes some discussion with the teacher-participants. Some of the materials distributed during the course are appended to the respective lectures, where available. (Additional materials may be posted at a later date, due to pending permissions).

Professor S. Akbar Zaidi has a joint appointment at the School of International and Public Affairs, and the Department of Middle East, South Asia, and African Studies at Columbia University.  Zaidi holds a PhD from the University of Cambridge. He taught at Karachi University for thirteen years, and was a visiting Professor at Johns Hopkins University in 2004-05.  He is one of Pakistan's most respected political economists.  Apart from his interest in political economy, he has research interests in development, the social sciences, and history.  His most recent of twelve books is Political Economy and Development in Pakistan, published in 2010. His other books include The New Development Paradigm: Papers on Institutions, NGOs, Gender and Local Government (1999), and Issues in Pakistan's Economy (2005).

Lecture one: Muslim Separatism and the idea of Pakistan
     + Listen to a Podcast of Part 1
     + Listen to a Podcast of Part 2
Materials referred to in Lecture One:

Article: South Asia? West Asia? Pakistan: Location, Identity by S. Akbar Zaidi

Lecture two: Independence and the Two Partitions (1947 and 1971)
     + Listen to a Podcast of Part 1
     + Listen to a Podcast of Part 2
Timeline of events in the history of Pakistan to 1971

Lecture three: Politics, Democracy, and the Military
     + Listen to a Podcast of Part 1
     + Listen to a Podcast of Part 2
State, Miltary and Social Transition: Improbable Future of Democracy in Pakistan by S. Akbar Zaidi

Lecture four: Conflicts within and around Pakistan
     + Listen to a Podcast

Lecture five: Pakistan today and tomorrow
     + Listen to a Podcast
Timeline charting key Political and Economic Events in Pakistan's history & Patterns of Civilian and Military Rule, 1947-2009
Article: Pakistan among top 10 in terms of Human Development Improvement
Article: Social and Structural Transformations in Pakistan by S. Akbar Zaidi

Suggested readings:
Nawaz, Shuja. Crossed Swords: Pakistan, Its Army, and the Wars Within, Oxford University Press, Karachi, 2008.
Sayeed, Khalid B. and George Cunningham. Pakistan- the Formative Phase 1857--1948. Second Edition. New York: Oxford University Press, New York, 1991. Pages 3-12.
Talbot, Ian. "Picking Up the Pieces, Pakistan 1947-49." Pakistan: A Modern History. Second edition. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. Pages 95-147.
Waseem, Mohammad. "Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan." In Pakistan in Regional and Global Politic. Rajshree Jetty, editor. New Delhi: Routledge, 2009. Pages 181-211.
Zaidi, S. Akbar. Issues in Pakistan's Economy. Second Edition. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Ziring, Lawrence. "The Agony of Partition." Pakistan in the Twentieth Century: A Political History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Non-Pakistan reading mentioned in Lecture Three (on democracy in the Middle East):
Diamond, Larry. "Why are there no Arab Democracies? Journal of Democracy. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Volume 21, Number 1, January 2010.
For additional information or comments, please contact William Carrick at wac2112@columbia.edu.